The practice adheres to strict professional and ethical rules and is overseen by the French Bar.
The principle of independence guarantees that the advice provided to the client will never be influenced by any personal interest or external pressure.
The principle of loyalty means that the lawyer can never advise or défend two parties whose interests are likely to be in conflict (conflict of interests rule).
The principle of confidentiality covers verbal or written communications between lawyers and between the lawyer and the client as well as information which lawyers may become aware of through the dealings that they have with the opposing party, particularly in order to facilitate negotiations for out-of-court settlements.
The maintaining of professional confidentiality prohibits lawyers from revealing to third parties any confidences or secrets that their clients have entrusted to them. This obligation is général, absolute and unlimited in time, and it applies to all légal fields and to all the types of work undertaken (advice, defence...).
The lawyer must ensure that all his or her professional partners comply with it too (colleagues, employees or independent service providers...).
Professional confidentiality is also a legal obligation, and any breach of it is a criminal offence.
Lawyers are Under a duty to provide information and advice and to act diligently and must therefore in particular inform their client of the prospects of success of their case, any means of redress, the state of progress, and any developments in the case, as well as the anticipated amount of their fees (written fees agreements are now obligatory).
ll the practice's lawyers have undergone initial training to a high level, and they have to undertake continuous further training throughout the year.
They are permitted to show a designated specialism if they have provided evidence of relevant experience and have passed an examination to test their knowledge. This is a recognised guarantee of expertise for the client.
Apart from having designated specialisms, the lawyers develop specific fields of work which allow them to offer a comprehensive, high-quality service.
They are freely negotiated and agreed with the client, and in particular they take account of the complexity of the case, the profile of the lawyer, and his or her designated specialisms, as well as the background work carried out. (Law of 31 December 1971).
The firm charges € 80 excl. taxes* for an initial advice meeting without any research for the provision of written advice. If proceedings are then initiated or help is provided with negotiations, the first meeting will be included in the fee agreed with the lawyer for the service as a whole.
Depending on the nature of the works carried out, the fees may be invoiced:
at an hourly rate of between € 180 and € 200 excl. taxes*, depending on the subject matter and the lawyer ;
as a flat-rate sum which is fixed with the client at the start of the work ;
as a percentage of the result achieved which varies between 8% and 10% excl. taxes* (the result equals the sums actually received by the client) in addition to a reduced basic fee. Working purely on a contingency fee basis is prohibited.
The fees are supplemented by the settlement of expenses (opening of files & archiving, correspondence, photocopies...) according to the practice’s current rates.
A fees agreement is proposed to the client which specifies the methods to be used for making payments to the practice. The expenses and fees can be wholly or partly paid by a legal protection insurance policy for the client's benefit - without this removing the client's right to choose the lawyer. We will be able to review the insurance policy at the initial meeting. If legal proceedings are initiated, the court concerned will be requested to order the opposing party to pay an indemnity to cover "unrecoverable expenses" so that the client can recover all or some of the expenses that he or she has incurred (art. 700 of the Code of Civil Procedure).
Some members of the practice agree to undertake legal aid work, depending on the subject matter and complexity of the case.
* VAT at the statutory rate must be added to these sums